Prolonged salinity drought in Quang Nam province

Prolonged hot weather, saltwater intrusion caused thousands of hectares of summer-autumn rice in Quang Nam not to have enough water for irrigation. Some areas have begun to dry out, and the rice has yellowed.

Since the beginning of the summer-autumn crop season, in Quang Nam province, there has been continuous heat and almost no rain, making agricultural production difficult. Although localities have used many solutions to overcome, water shortage still occurs. Especially the localities located at the end of irrigation canals.

Nhiều đồng ruộng ở Quảng Nam không có nước tưới đã khô nứt nẻ. Ảnh: L.K.

In Cam Kim commune (Hoi An city), at the beginning of the crop, it was determined that there would not be enough water for irrigation, so the functional sector directed to cut about 10 hectares of the area to convert to other crops. In the summer-autumn crop of 2021, the whole commune will produce about 40 hectares of rice. However, up to this point, many fields that have been sown for a month have begun to show yellow leaves due to lack of water.

Ms. Nguyen Thi Hoa (68 years old, residing in village 3, Cam Kim commune) said that her family’s fields of nearly 1.5 acres have never experienced water shortages like this year. Rice is in the growing period, so it needs water to fertilize, but currently, her fields only get water once every 5 days.

“This field is acacia soil, so if there is no continuous water, it dries very quickly. Rice plants that do not have enough water are now unable to grow, many leaves have turned yellow. The last time there was water, I also applied fertilizer to the fields, but now the water has dried up and I don’t know if it has any effect,” lamented Hoa.

Like Cam Kim, Duy Vinh commune (Duy Xuyen district) is also located at the end of the irrigation canal, so it faces many difficulties in water resources. Along with that, saline water intrusion also makes many summer-autumn rice areas here facing the risk of yield reduction.

Mr. Huynh Ngoc Hung, director of Duy Vinh Cooperative, said that in this crop, the whole commune produces about 60 hectares of rice, but only 40 hectares of which are temporarily enough water. The remaining 20 hectares always face drought and salinity. Especially, about the past 10 days, this situation has taken place very seriously.

“We had to ask the pumping stations for support, to pump out the tide to bring water to the water-deficient areas in Duy Vinh to save rice. However, each day can only pump for a few hours, not continuously. Therefore, in the coming time, it is necessary to calculate options to ensure water supply for the summer-autumn rice area,” said Hung.

Nhiều ruộng lúa đã bắt đầu ngã vàng do không đủ nước. Ảnh: L.K.

In Nong Son district, the water shortage is even more serious when tens of hectares of rice fields in this locality have cracked. Mr. Tran Van Luu, Deputy Director of Agriculture Service Center of Nong Son district, said that according to the plan in this year’s summer-autumn crop, the whole district will sow more than 831 hectares.